Learning is a Process, not Something that can Be Seen. It is the Process of Acquiring Information, Knowledge and Skills. Knowledge become Dynamic once that it is Integrated, in that Moment Knowledge Become Wisdom and Transformative.
Every New Knowledge or Experience that we Live Provide new Information that must be Interpreted and Processed on the Basis of the old Information that is already in the Memory Database.
Cognitive Capability simply Means how we Acquire Knowledge and Develop Understanding. It is what Goes on in our Mind with Learning and Understanding in this Sense Learning is an Activity that Involves the Total Central Nervous System with the Brain as the main Processing and Control Center.
Bloom’s Taxonomy Model: the Cognitive Domain
Bloom’s Taxonomy Model has Been Structured in 1956 under the Leadership of Educational Psychologist Dr Benjamin Bloom in order to Promote Higher forms of Thinking in Education, such as Analyzing and Evaluating Concepts, Processes, Procedures and Principles, rather than just Remembering Data. This Theory is Set of Three Hierarchical Domains used to Classify Educational Learning Objectives into Levels of complexity and Dpecificity. The three Lists cover the Learning Objectives in Cognitive, Affective and Sensory Domains.
Taxonomy‘s Cognitive Domain Talks about a Change in Thinking and Understanding that Take Place in the Learner. This Includes the Recall or Recognition of Specific Facts, Procedural Patterns, and Concepts that Serve in the Development of Intellectual Abilities and Skills.
Learning can be Measured in Terms of Behavior, but the Behavior only Represents Learning also as Result of Interaction with the Individual’s Environment. So the Way we see Learning Change is through our Behavior.
The easiest Way to Comprehend this Concept it is to Think of Stair of Six Steps or Categories of Learning. These Categories can be Thought of as Degrees of Difficulties, that is, the First ones must normally be Mastered before the Next One can Take Place. This Domain is Helpful also in order to Develop a Good Amout of General Knowledge.
Here are Simple Definitions to Facilitate the Understanding of What each Passage of the Cognitive Theory Phases Concerns:
• Knowledge: the Ability to Remember and Recall am Information in the same Way it was Taught.
• Comprehension: The Development of Understanding to Translate (put into your own Words), Interpret (Explain a Concept or Clarify the Meaning), and Extrapolate (to Take Unknown Information from Learned Information).
• Application: the Capability to use the Learned Information in New and Concrete Contest.
• Analysis: the Ability to Break down Complex Argumentations into Smaller Summaries.
• Synthesis: the Capability to ‘Assemblate’ Parts of Knowledge Together in a new Way or to form a new Pattern.
• Evaluation: the Ability to Evaluate the Importance of the Knowledge and to Judge how well Something Went or Met a Standard Goal or Objective.
In my Opinion it is very Important to Understand the Learning as a Process (Cognitive Domain of the Taxonomy Model) since of the Young Age. Developing Awaereness around how the Information that we Learn is Cognitively Processed and that all the Data that We Learn will Become an Effective Content of our Consciousness and that it Will Determine our Future Behavior are Important Awarenesses that can Guide the Individual to Make even more Conscious Choices (Future Specialized Knowledge to Acquire)along the Life Path and the Path of Personal Development, Gifting also more Meaning to the Learning Activity. Anyway this Tranformative Quality of Learning can Occurs at any Life Stage also simply concerning the Development of a Good Amount of General Knowledge.
Author: Cristina Capucci