Exploring Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning & Beyond. 10 Insights from AI Experts

Artificial Intelligence (AI), is a field of Cognitive Sciences which dates back to 1956. 

During a conference held at Dartmouth College campus (USA), the MIT Cognitive Scientist, Marvin Minsky, said, “Within a generation… the problem of creating “artificial intelligence” will substantially be solved.”

He was right.

But in those years researchers were still far from having machines that have could make the most basic things ”in the way” humans and animals can do.

Nowadays the situation is exponentially changed: this is the era of deep learning, the era of when machines are starting to build, through learning, their own internal structures, patterns and models of the world, so they can simulate the world faster than real time.

Near term, the scientists, applying to machines the models of deep neural networks will be able to enable even more systems that are more brain-like, such as systems able to learn continuously and to develop consciousness improving themselves according to their perception of the world…

Here are 10 significative quotes on Artificial Intelligence from notable cognitive scientists, Engineers and modern philosophers

”Scientists tried to program computers to act like humans without first answering what intelligence is and what it means to understand. They left out the most important part of building intelligent machines, the intelligence! “Real intelligence” makes the point that before we attempt to build intelligent machines, we have to first understand how the brain thinks, and there is nothing artificial about that. Only then can we ask how we can build intelligent machines.”

Jeff Hawkins, American Author and Engeneer

”The key to Artificial Intelligence has always been the representation.”

Jeff Hawkins, American Author and Engeneer

”Computer science inverts the normal. In normal science, you’re given a world, and your job is to find out the rules. In computer science, you give the computer the rules, and it creates the world.” 

Alan Kay, American Computer Scientist and Researcher

”I have always been convinced that the only way to get Artificial Intelligence to work is to do the computation in a way similar to the human brain. That is the goal I have been pursuing. We are making progress, though we still have lots to learn about how the brain actually works.” 

Geoffrey Hinton, Canadian Cognitive Psychologist and Computer Scientist

”By far the greatest danger of Artificial Intelligence is that people conclude too early that they understand it.”

Eliezer Yudkowsky, American AI Researcher and Author

”Anything that could give rise to smarter-than-human intelligence – in the form of Artificial Intelligence, brain-computer interfaces, or neuroscience-based human intelligence enhancement – wins hands down beyond contest as doing the most to change the world. Nothing else is even in the same league.”

Eliezer Yudkowsky, American AI Researcher and Author

”The purest case of an intelligence explosion would be an Artificial Intelligence rewriting its own source code. The key idea is that if you can improve intelligence even a little, the process accelerates. It’s a tipping point. Like trying to balance a pen on one end – as soon as it tilts even a little, it quickly falls the rest of the way. ”

Eliezer Yudkowsky, American AI Researcher and Author

”Before the prospect of an intelligence explosion, we humans are like small children playing with a bomb. Such is the mismatch between the power of our plaything and the immaturity of our conduct. Superintelligence is a challenge for which we are not ready now and will not be ready for a long time. We have little idea when the detonation will occur, though if we hold the device to our ear we can hear a faint ticking sound. For a child with an undetonated bomb in its hands, a sensible thing to do would be to put it down gently, quickly back out of the room, and contact the nearest adult. Yet what we have here is not one child but many, each with access to an independent trigger mechanism. The chances that we will all find the sense to put down the dangerous stuff seem almost negligible. Some little idiot is bound to press the ignite button just to see what happens.” (Speech at the Future of Humanity Institute).

Nick Bostrom, Author and Academic Researcher

”In order for a digital neocortex to learn a new skill, it will still require many iterations of education, just as a biological neocortex does, but once a single digital neocortex somewhere and at some time learns something, it can share that knowledge with every other digital neocortex without delay. We can each have our own private neocortex extenders in the cloud, just as we have our own private stores of personal data today.”

Ray Kurzweil, American Inventor and Futurist

”Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to the Singularity. Technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history. The implications include the merger of biological and nonbiological intelligence, immortal software-based humans, and ultra-high levels of intelligence that expand outward in the universe at the speed of light.” 

Ray Kurzweil, American Inventor and Futurist

Author: CristinaCapucci

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